What Is a Combi Boiler?

Chances are if you’re reading this then you’re either checking that you already have a Combi Boiler, or you’re looking to upgrade your Regular Boiler. First, let’s get everyone caught up.


What is a Regular Boiler?

Regular boilers, which are sometimes known as traditional, conventional or heat only boilers, are ideally suited to homes that already have a traditional heating and hot water system which is linked to a separate hot water tank that’s in an airing cupboard somewhere upstairs, usually close to a bathroom. These boilers also need a cold water storage tank in the loft to feed the hot water cylinder as well as a tank that maintains the water level of the central heating system.

A regular boiler is the “old” type of boiler mainly found around the UK – they posed issues such as someone running a bath and using all of the hot water, or how you had to “put the water on” to heat up slowly if you fancied a bath in a few hours. They’re a lot less efficient in operating costs to begin with, but the fact is either:

  • You waited til the water was perfectly heated, then “turned off the hot water” at the perfect time
  • Used the exact amount of water for your bath
  • Or you lost out on pointlessly heating excess water or you forgot about it all together and left the system heating even when it was already hot enough. 

Not ideal, but now there’s the Combi Boiler to deal with all of the issues regular boilers created.

Cold radiator spots - solution - bleeding the radiator

Let’s talk about what a Combi Boiler actually is and how they work.

A combination or ‘combi’ boiler is both a high efficiency water heater and a central heating boiler in a single compact unit. Instead of heating a tank of water slowly over time, Combi boilers heat water directly from the mains when you turn on a tap. This means that you wont need a hot water storage cylinder or a cold water storage tank in the roof space.

They are also very cost-effective and energy-efficient as water is heated instantly rather than being heated and then stored in a cylinder. An added benefit is that hot water is delivered at mains pressure, which means that you could get a powerful shower without the need for a separate pump.

  • Compact sizes make combi boilers perfect for smaller properties
  • Ideal where there is little or no loft space
  • No need for a hot water cylinder allows increased living space
  • No cold water storage tank frees up a loft for conversion
  • No risk of loft pipework freezing
  • Less pipework in the home makes installation typically cheaper

And when it doesn’t fit in your price range, we supply and fit them for free! Check if you’re entitled to a free boiler here

As you can probably tell, it just makes sense from an economical point of view that replacing your old regular boiler with a combi boiler is a must. They’re more efficient, so they’re cheaper to run, they work on higher pressure so the heat will flow through your house and to your taps faster. You’ll also be saving quite a bit of space in that old airing cupboard! 

While you’re researching Combi Boilers, it might be helpful if we throw in a glossary of terms here to stop any confusion while you’re researching.

Boiler Terms Explained


Condensing Technology

Changes to government legislation and technology advances in boiler design has driven boiler designs to condense to ensure as much heat as possible is converted into useful heat for your home. By condensing, your boiler will ensure at least 90p in every £1 you spend on gas or oil will be converted into heat for your home comfort.


Along with heat, when gas or oil is burned within your boiler condensation is also created. This can be seen in the gases which plume out from the boiler, something that is especially noticeable in cold weather. However in addition to this condensate being discharged in the air, condensate also collects inside the boiler and is drained away either inside or outside your home. This is safe and nothing to worry about.

However if your condensate pipe has not been terminated according to our installation guidelines, there is a chance it could freeze in severe weather conditions. Please contact your installer in this instance for advice on how to rectify this yourself.

ErP Rating

The ErP Rating is a new requirement set by the European Union which is designed to drive improvements in the efficiency and performance of heating and hot water products. The ErP rating introduces new efficiency classes from A++ to G which are displayed on a labels which come with the boiler. ErP labels are already a common sight on washing machines, televisions and other appliances within electrical retailers.



The flue is the part of the boiler which allows exhaust gases to exit the boiler. The flue is typically situated directly behind the boiler enabling waste gases to exit safely straight out of the external wall of your home.


Flow Rate

Quoted for Combi boilers, a flow rate represents how many litres of hot water comes out of the tap in a minute. Your flow rate is determined by the amount (and pressure) of water that is entering your property from the water main and the ability of the boiler to heat that water to the temperature you have set. The more powerful a boiler is (represented in kW), the faster the boiler will be able to heat the water coming into your home.


However it is important to recognise a high kW output will not always increase your flow rate. If you have 10 litres per minute coming into your property, you will only be able to receive 10 litres per min of hot water. For example having a boiler that has a maximum flow rate of 14 litres per min will not increase the amount of hot water you receive, if you only have 10 litres per min coming into your boiler.


Gas Safe Accreditation

Gas Safe Accreditation is the hallmark for gas safety in the UK. An installer must be on the Gas Safe Register to be legally allowed to work on your boiler or any other gas appliances in your home. 



Greenstar is the name given to all of the Worcester Gas fired boiler range, and signifies high energy efficiency, reliability and comfort. There are more than 2 million Greenstar Combi boilers fitted in UK homes.


OFTEC Accreditation

OFTEC is a trade association that takes a lead role in setting industry standards of oil-fired boilers. OFTEC manages a competent person registration scheme, enabling you to find installers who install, commission and service oil-fired products. We always recommend that you choose a qualified OFTEC installer for your installation. www.oftec.org 


Open Vent

This is a term which is also used to describe a Regular boiler type. A Open vent system will have a “Open Vent” and tanks within the loft space. This type of heating system is typically common in older properties.



SEDBUK stands for Seasonal Efficiency of Domestic Boilers UK. It provides a rating structure which provides both a percentage efficiency score as well as A to G rating enabling an easy comparison of boilers. SEDBUK has been integrated to the recent ErP labelling directive.


Standard Efficiency (G Rated)

Old “Standard Efficiency” boilers waste large amounts of heat as they don’t Condense and recycle the heat before it leaves your boiler via the flue. In the current SEDBUK rating structure a Standard Efficiency boiler would be deemed G-rated and is likely to be 30% less efficient* than a new Worcester A-rated boiler.


System Filter

A system filter is a specifically designed unit which aims to remove and filter magnetic and non-magnetic contaminants from your central heating system before they reach your boiler. Building Regulations always recommends a system filter be fitted to your heating system pipes prior your boiler to prevent any damage to key components.


System Flushing

Over time oxygen in the heating system can react with the metals and components of a heating system such as radiators to produce magnetite (rust) particles, which becomes suspended in your system water. This process and the build-up of other chemicals (such as lime scale) can quickly cause blockages and damage key components within the boiler and system. To prevent this a process of thorough system flushing should take place when fitting a new boiler onto an old heating system. This process involves forcing old system water out of the heating system, whilst simultaneously filtering the system until all of the old water and contaminants are removed. Finally inhibitor and a system filter is added to prevent any future sludge and contaminants from building up.



Thermostatic Radiator Valves (TRV’s) enable you to control the individual temperature of each room in your home, and can be adjusted to the comfort levels you want. The higher the number selected on the TRV, the hotter the radiator and warmer the room. Please note a TRV should not be fitted on a radiator in the same room as a room thermostat.


Weather Compensation

Weather Compensation is a feature which is programmed into selected boiler controls and Greenstar I Combi boilers. Designed to improve comfort, the feature automatically adjusts the temperature of your system to compensate for the weather outside. E.g. if the temperature outside drops, your radiators will run hotter, whilst if the temperature increases the boiler produce less heat, reducing your running costs.


If you’re struggling with the costs of a new boiler and you own your home, it’s worth reaching out to us because we might be able to supply and fit a new boiler for you, for free! You can find out if your eligible here


Are you entitled to a Free Replacement Boiler?

At Borthwick Heating we work with the UK Government to install free boilers to eligible UK Homeowners. To check if you qualify click the button below.

Borthwick Heating Inuslation UK is a trading style of Borthwick Group (Energy) Limited Registered in England & Wales| Company No. 06753929 

Borthwick Heating & Insulation are regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. We are a Credit Broker and not a lender. We offer Credit Facilities from a panel of lenders. Borthwick Group (Energy) Limited is the full legal and registered trading name of all activities that advertise themselves as Borthwick Heating & Insulation and online as www.borthwickheating.co.uk


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